The labor force in the Caliphate were employed from diverse ethnic and religious backgrounds, while both men and women were involved in diverse occupations and economic activities. Even though sons inherited property, they had a responsibility to support their mother and sisters from the estate, and had to ensure that both mother and sisters were taken care of prior to their being able to benefit from the inheritance, and if that wiped out the estate, the boys had to supplement their income from elsewhere. By the Custody of Infants Actthe Court of Chancery was empowered to enforce a provision in a separation deed, giving up the custody or control of a child to the mother. The rape of a slave could be prosecuted only as damage to her owner's property. Burning was the punishment specially appropriated to women convicted of treason or witchcraft.
This was similar to other countries within Europe where property was female property forfeited to the male during their marriage.
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The canon law, looking with disfavour on the female independence prevailing in the later Roman law, tended rather in the opposite direction. Family law Women's rights Women in history Feminism and history. A marriage between a Christian and a Jew rendered the parties guilty of adultery. Women seem not to have been entitled to the slightest possession of land under the Brehon law, but rather had assigned to them a certain number of their father's cattle as their marriage-portion. During the eighteenth century, the Russian Orthodox Church obtained greater authority over marriage and banned priests from giving divorce, even for severely abused wives.