However, many favoured competing explanations and it was not until the emergence of the modern evolutionary synthesis from the s to the s that a broad consensus developed in which natural selection was the basic mechanism of evolution. British Journal for the History of Science. Darwin's views on social and political issues reflected his time and social position. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. British society became more racist in mid century,  but Darwin remained strongly against slavery, against "ranking the so-called races of man as distinct species", and against ill-treatment of native people.
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Sinhala Wal Katha
Retrieved 23 May Transmutation was anathema to Anglicans defending social order,  but reputable scientists openly discussed the subject and there was wide interest in John Herschel 's letter praising Lyell's approach as a way to find a natural cause of the origin of new species. Archived from the original on 10 March He read Lyell's second volume and accepted its view of "centres of creation" of species, but his discoveries and theorising challenged Lyell's ideas of smooth continuity and of extinction of species. When the ship reached Falmouth, Cornwallon 2 OctoberDarwin was already a celebrity in scientific circles as in December Henslow had fostered his former pupil's reputation by giving selected naturalists a pamphlet of Darwin's geological letters. When FitzRoy's Narrative was published in MayDarwin's Journal and Remarks was such a success as the third volume that later that year it was published on its own. Retrieved 22 November